Communicable Diseases

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a common viral illness that usually affects infants and children younger than 5 years old. However, it can affect children and adults. It will start with a fever, reduced appetite, sore throat, and a feeling of being unwell. Painful sores can develop in the mouth a few days after the fever starts. A skin rash on palms of the hands and soles of the feet may also develop. These can develop as red spots, and sometimes with blisters.

Influenza

Influenza is a contagious respiratory illness caused by flu viruses that can result in hospitalization, even death. The best way to prevent the flu is getting vaccinated each year. You can get your flu shot at the Marietta/Belpre Health Department. Symptoms of the flu include a fever of over 100.4 F, aching muscles, chills and sweats, headache, sore throat, and nasal congestion.

Staph Infection

A staph infection is caused by bacteria commonly found on the skin or in the nose. It is a very common infection with more than 3 million US cases per year. It is treatable by a medical professional. It requires a medical diagnosis and it can spread easily. The infection is short-term, usually only lasting a few days to a couple weeks.

MRSA

MRSA is a type of bacteria that is resistant to several antibiotics. MRSA most commonly causes skin infections. It some cases it can cause pneumonia which is a lung infection and it can also cause other infections. If MRSA is not treated it can become severe and cause sepsis, which is the body’s extreme response to an infection.

Strep Throat

In addition to a sore throat, symptoms can include pain when swallowing, a fever, red and swollen tonsils, tiny red spots on the roof of the mouth, or swollen lymph nodes in the front of the neck. Group A strep bacteria spread through contact with droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze. If you touch your mouth, nose, or eyes after touching something that has these droplets on it, you may become ill. People with strep throat should stay home from work, school, or daycare until they no longer have a fever and have taken antibiotics for at least 24 hours.

Lyme Disease

Lyme Disease is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected ticks typically with black legs. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, and a characteristic skin rash. Infection can spread to joints, the heart, and the nervous system if you do not treat it. For more information, click on this link to the CDC page on Lyme Disease: https://www.cdc.gov/lyme/index.html

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a vaccine-preventable liver disease. It can spread when a person ingests fecal matter. This can spread through contact, food, or drinks that are contaminated by the stool of the infected person. In Ohio the outbreak is being spread by person-to-person contact.

The symptoms involved with hepatitis A include: fatigue, low appetite, stomach pain, nausea, clay-colored stools, and jaundice. 

Lead Poisoning

The following are ways to reduce the risk of your child becoming lead poisoned.

Keep painted surfaces in good repair. Avoid peeling and/or chipping paint inside and outside. Containment of paint is the key.

Frequent hand washing. Since children may have lead dust on their hands, frequent hand washing can prevent high lead levels. Wash your child’s hands every time you give them something to eat or drink. This includes before meals, snacks, nap-time, bedtime, and after coming in from playing outside.

STI Prevention

We offer confidential HIV testing. Please remember your information will be kept private. You can make an appointment with our office by calling 740-373-0611 ext 2309.

For information about STI’s visit the following website:

https://www.cdc.gov/std/general/default.htm

Tobacco Use

Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death in the United States. 

–Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

How do I find support to quit?

CDC – Smoking & Tobacco Use
Ohio Department of Health Smoking Prevention & Cessation